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  • Conference Papers

    1. A comparison on the integrative motivation between secondary students in Scotland and Hong Kong in learning Mandarin
    Document Type: Conference Papers
    Conference: Asia Pacific Educational Research Association (APERA) & the Hong Kong Educational Research Association (HKERA) International Conference (2014: The Hong Kong Institute of Education, Hong Kong)
  • Conference Papers

    2. National identity and teaching: Hong Kong teachers' perception on national identity and national education
    Document Type: Conference Papers
    Conference: 21st Annual Children’s Identity and Citizenship European Association Conference (CiCea 2019): Europe at a Crossroads: Rights, Values and Identity (2019: Charles University, Karolinum, Czech)
    This paper gives some preliminary analysis on the relationships between perceptions of national identity and national education by using quantitative data. A pilot-tested questionnaire has been sent to all civic education team teachers in Hong Kong secondary schools in 2018. Through quantitative analysis, it is found that some possible types of national education are adopted by teachers. The qualitative interviews with some teachers also reveal a diversified range of teaching methods on national education. All these findings can, hopefully, contribute to the existing literature. This study shall be useful for anyone interested in understanding how teachers perceive their national identity and national education in this post-materialistic and globalized world. Copyright © 2019 CiCea.
  • Conference Papers

    3. Promoting cultural responsiveness and multicultural competency in Hong Kong schools
    Document Type: Conference Papers
    Conference: 21st Annual Children’s Identity and Citizenship European Association Conference (CiCea 2019): Europe at a Crossroads: Rights, Values and Identity (2019: Charles University, Karolinum, Czech)
    This presentation explores acculturation and identity of ethnic minority students in Hong Kong schools, and how they are associated to their learning needs in schools and to what extend culturally responsive classroom environment has been created for fulfilling their diverse learning and cultural needs. This study was qualitative in nature. Semi-structured interviews were conducted in three secondary schools where large numbers of ethnic minority students from low socio-economic backgrounds were enrolled. With school permission, thirty-two teachers were invited to attend one-on-one interviews. Eighteen were female and 14 were male. The enrolment of ethnic minority students was regarded by the teachers as one of the key factors which made the classroom more diverse and multicultural, with the range of diversity covering race, culture, religion, customs and socioeconomic background. When fulfilling their students’ needs, the teachers struggled with conceptualizing a new rationale for cultural responsiveness to diversity, developing intercultural sensitivity, promoting cultural responsiveness among the students, strengthening the home-school collaboration and broadening ethnic minority students’ aspirations for their education and careers. Copyright © 2019 CiCea.
  • Conference Papers

    4. An analysis of the role of Hong Kong school principals in supporting the teaching of civic education
    Document Type: Conference Papers
    Conference: 21st Annual Children’s Identity and Citizenship European Association Conference (CiCea 2019): Europe at a Crossroads: Rights, Values and Identity (2019: Charles University, Karolinum, Czech)
    Given substantial school autonomy in Hong Kong, different school leadership practices can yield different school environments for teachers, different degrees of teacher empowerment, and different civic teaching approaches. Principals can influence their school environment in civic learning and allocate resources to support civic education. Considerable attention has been given to the concept of ‘leading for learning’ (Goker, 2006) but there has been little attention given to civic learning in schools and how it might be facilitated by principals (Xu and Law, 2015). Given the volatile and uncertain external environment that students as future citizens face, civic learning must now be considered a priority. Kennedy, Li and Chan (2015) and Kennedy and Li (2017) have shown that school level factors can influence students’ civic learning, although the results are somewhat mixed, clearly this requires further investigation. This study extends this line of research by examining how principals create school civic teaching environments and how these influence teachers in their roles as civic educators. The results showed that the complex historical-cultural and socio-political contexts of Hong Kong have influenced school leadership when it comes to teaching civics, and the researcher has highlighted three main patterns of school leadership needed for civics teaching. When school leadership lacked a clear vision of citizenship education (pattern 1), most teachers were compliant and avoided dis-cussing sensitive political topics with their students. When school leadership mediated the diverse needs of students and balanced the different expectations of school stakeholders (pattern 2), there were both compliant and critical teachers. When school leadership had a clear vison of the school’s civic mission (pattern 3), the results differed across schools. These findings implied that principals have to significantly shift their understanding of the purposes of citizenship education
  • Conference Papers

    5. A language-informed case study approach to elucidate the intersections of race, ethnicity policy, and power
    Document Type: Conference Papers
    Conference: American Educational Research Association (AERA) 2019 Annual Meeting (2019: Metro Toronto Convention Centre, Toronto, Canada)
    This paper provides a critical re-examination of prevailing case study approaches that select ethnic minority cases based on racial identities. It revisits the importance of distinguishing between concepts of ‘race’ and ‘ethnicity’ (Brubaker, 2004 Wallerstein, 1991), and proposes a language-informed approach to reconceptualize these constructs in view of the power dynamics that results in their conflation.I examine the language developments that structure the school context to highlight the power dynamics of Hong Kong’s shifting identity from special administrative region to its eventual integration into Mainland China. A language-informed approach provides an illustrative case of language developments that propel schools into the unintended consequence of enculturating Cantonese-speaking (Hong Kong) students to embrace Mandarin (Mainland). Language developments coalesce into a coherent strategy that elicits the voluntary cooperation of autonomous Hong Kong schools to conflate the race and ethnic identities of Mandarin and Cantonese-speaking students.Lexis Elementary is a school in Hong Kong located near the border of Mainland China. Due to poor school enrolment, it had a close-shave with school closure. The school survived by enrolling students from across the border from Mainland China, where the language is Mandarin rather than Cantonese spoken in Hong Kong. The consequence is a transformation in the school language profile. From juggling between English and Cantonese, Lexis Elementary students are now predominantly Mandarin speakers.The case study demonstrates how the economics of school survival coalesce with language developments to produce trickle-down effects on the conflation of race and ethnic identities. It highlights the need for language-informed case studies to chart the structural racism that underlie the complex webs race and ethnic identities entrenched in language development. I draw attention to how ethnic minorities are sequentially rendered invisible
  • Conference Papers

    6. Rereading structural racism and exclusion inside the policy
    By: Gao, Fang
    Document Type: Conference Papers
    Conference: American Educational Research Association (AERA) 2019 Annual Meeting (2019: Metro Toronto Convention Centre, Toronto, Canada)
    This paper elucidates a critical reading of language policies that uncovers its racial discourse arising from its intersection of power, equity and diversity, particularly the historical remnants and recent demographic changes in Asia. Home to Asia are a sizeable number of Confucian societies that respond differently to equity and diversity when compared to their Western counterparts. Underlying this response is the Confucian conception of social justice expressed through the idea of impartiality rather than equity (Kennedy, 2011). Such conception invites new challenges on striking a balance among supporting the ethnic identities, languages and cultures of minority groups and avoiding social separation and ethnic conflicts.In this paper, we turn to this challenge in Hong Kong, where Chinese language acquisition is a repeatedly reported concern of ethnic minorities in the local (government-funded) education system. We draw on two studies with ethnic minorities, their parents and teachers that involved a documentary analysis, interviews, and classroom observations. We particularly attend to the interests of the dominant group to unpack the nature of these language policies, several important factors related to complexity, contextuality, complicity, complementarity, and continuity of linguistic capital (Pennycook, 2000, p. 50).By plotting the continuity and transformation of language policies in the pre- and post-handover periods in Hong Kong, the emerging findings suggest how certain Confucian ideologies manifest in past and current policies and linguistic practices in education for ethnic minorities. The paper highlights conflicting educational expectations, policies and practices, revealing how centrism in educational intervention reflects the proclivity towards new-integrationist (assimilationist) approaches to cultural diversity (Gube & Gao, in press). The outcome can be a cultural condition that privileges impartiality and sameness.Going against the “grain” of such
  • Journal Articles

    7. 面向2035年的粵港澳大灣區教育及人才培養
    By: 李子建
    Document Type: Journal Articles
    Source: 河北師範大學學報(教育科學版), 22(3), 1-6, 2020
    Year published: 2020
    Publisher: 河北師範大學
    我國於2019年提出《粵港澳大灣區發展規劃綱要》(簡稱《規劃綱要》)方案,提出九個城市以及香港和澳門特別行政區作為區域發展的核心引擎,並藉著這些核心城市和港澳地區的發展,帶動周邊城市和區域的發展。從區域教育發展以及國際趨勢等角度來看,粵港澳大灣區的人才發展宜具有國家及區域意識及國際視野,宜注重科技與人文雙重取向;鼓勵粵港澳學校合作交流,共建院校研究基地;樹立多元化灣區教育合作理念,在科研、教育、經濟發展和人才培養等方面達至協同共贏效果。 China put forward the "Outline Development Plan for the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area" in 2019, proposing nine cities and Hong Kong and Macao Special Administrative Regions as the core engines for regional development, promoting as well the growth of the surrounding cities and regions. Through the analysis of regional education development and international trends, this paper discusses personnel training in the Greater Bay Area. The development of talents in this Area should have both a national and regional awareness and an international perspective, and be oriented towards both humanities and science and technology. Cooperation and exchanges between Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao schools should be encouraged, so as to build joint research centers among institutions. A diversified concept of educational cooperation should be established to achieve win-win results in scientific research, education, economic development and personnel training. Copyright © 2020 河北師範大學.
  • Journal Articles

    8. 我國內地與香港高中新數學課程的比較
    Document Type: Journal Articles
    Source: 數學教學, 2020(1), 38-44, 2020
    Year published: 2020
    Publisher: 華東師範大學
  • Journal Articles

    9. Observed teaching behaviour in secondary education across six countries: Measurement invariance and indication of cross-national variations
    Document Type: Journal Articles
    Year published: 2020
    Publisher: Routledge
    Effective teaching is a key factor in educational effectiveness and improvement. To facilitate the knowledge exchange regarding effective teaching in secondary education internationally, there has been a growing interest in using classroom observation measures. However, little is known regarding the comparability of observation measures across various national contexts (measurement invariance). Consequently, comparing effective teaching behaviour across contexts is compromised by issues of construct and measurement equivalence. In the present study, we investigated measurement invariance of the International Comparative Analysis of Learning and Teaching (ICALT) for measuring teaching behaviour across various national contexts including the Netherlands, South Korea, South Africa, Indonesia, Hong Kong-China, and Pakistan. Results showed that ICALT indicates full strict invariance in four out of the six countries, which provides a possibility to compare teaching behaviour in the Netherlands, South Korea, South Africa, and Indonesia. South Korea indicated the highest quality of teaching behaviour, while Indonesia indicated the lowest. Copyright © 2020 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.
  • Journal Articles

    10. 粵港澳大灣區在教育建設方面的重要性及其意義
    Document Type: Journal Articles
    Source: 特區經濟, 2019(10), 33-35, 2019
    Year published: 2019
    Publisher: 深圳市經理進修學院
    粵港澳大灣區項目,在針對教育方面的內容,皆在十九大報告、習近平視察廣東重要講話、兩會中所提及並有所強調。本文主要闡述了灣區在教育建設方面的重要性及其意義,並結合國外三大灣區的特點,對粵港澳大灣區教育建設提出各方面改進措施及建議。
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