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  • [L] 教育測量及評鑑
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  • 期刊論文

    1. Reflective assessment for epistemic agency of academically low-achieving students
    作者: Yang, Yuqin
    文件類型: 期刊論文
    來源資料: Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 35(4), 459-475, 2019
    出版年: 2019
    出版者: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    This study aimed to examine the role and process of reflective assessment supported by the Knowledge Connections Analyzer in helping low academic achievers to develop epistemic agency in knowledge building. The participants were 33 ninth-grade low achievers from a visual arts course in Hong Kong. A comparison class of 33 students, taught by the same teacher and studying the same topics in a regular knowledge-building environment, also participated. Qualitative tracing of students' online discourse showed that reflective assessment can help low achievers develop high-level epistemic agency. Qualitative analysis of the students' prompt sheets revealed that reflective assessment encouraged low achievers to set knowledge-building goals, collectively and continuously analyse and reflect on their inquiry and ideas, and generate actions to address identified gaps, thus helping them engage in high-level epistemic agency. The study results have important implications for designing technology-rich environments that support learners and offer insights into how teachers can help learners develop epistemic agency.
    [Copyright of Journal of Computer Assisted Learning is the property of John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.]
  • 期刊論文

    2. Towards a new assessment paradigm: Are preschools convinced?
    文件類型: 期刊論文
    來源資料: Early Childhood Education Journal, (0), - , 2019
    出版年: 2019
    出版者: Springer
    The practice of documentation has been a "hard to reach place" for many preschool teachers despite the fact that it has largely been encouraged and used as a tool in early childhood settings to assess young children's learning. Recent policy changes in Hong Kong have also called for the continuous documentation and authentic assessment of children's performance to replace traditional examinations in preschools. In this study, 62 preschools in Hong Kong were surveyed to determine the current situation of documentation as a tool for assessment of children's learning in Hong Kong preschools in the face of the new governmental requirements and interventions. The results showed that (1) preschools generally recognized the importance and necessity of using documentation to assess children's learning, (2) governmental influences were clearly demonstrated in the learning areas documented and assessed, and (3) there was a dissonance between the practice and belief of preschools, and various concerns related to the implementation were also reported. Implications for policies, professional development, and research are discussed.
    [Copyright of Early Childhood Education Journal is the property of Springer.]
  • 期刊論文

    3. Development and validation of the Assessment for Learning Experience Inventory (AFLEI) in Chinese higher education
    文件類型: 期刊論文
    來源資料: Asia-Pacific Education Researcher, 28(5), 371-385, 2019
    出版年: 2019
    出版者: Springer
    While assessment for learning (AfL) has gained increasing international prominence, and has been strongly promulgated by an increasing number of education systems, current instruments designed to measure students' assessment for learning experience show a number of methodological shortcomings, such as lacking construct validity and low internal consistency of scales, or structural confirmations of the dimensionality of AfL constructs captured in the questionnaires have not been tested. This paper presents the development and validation of a psychometrically robust measure of assessment for learning experience in the Chinese higher education-the Assessment for Learning Experience Inventory (AFLEI). Two independent samples of 201 and 163 higher education students responded to the AFLEI. The data were then subjected to Exploratory Factor Analyses (EFAs) and Confirmatory Factor Analyses (CFAs), respectively. Results from both EFAs and CFAs provided support for a five-factor AfL experience inventory with a strong psychometric basis. The five clusters of AfL experience perceived by the Chinese university students are Teacher formal feedback and support, Interactive dialog and peer collaboration, Learning-oriented assessment, Active engagement with subject matter, and Students taking responsibility for their learning. The correlations between the five clusters of AfL experience and the 'deep learning approach' of the Revised Two-Factor Study Process Questionnaire (R-SPQ-2F) supported the concurrent validity of the AFLEI. The AFLEI can be used both as an evaluation tool to evaluate the extent to which university students experience AfL practices in university curriculum, and as a research tool to explore more deeply the relationships between AfL experience and student learning.
    [Copyright of Asia-Pacific Education Researcher is the property of Springer.]
  • 期刊論文

    4. The impact of socioeconomic status on parental factors in promoting academic achievement in Chinese children
    作者: Poon, Kei Yan
    文件類型: 期刊論文
    出版年: 2020
    出版者: Elsevier Ltd.
    Children from families of low socioeconomic status (SES) tend to experience lower academic achievement than children from middle-SES families. This discrepancy can be attributed to a range of parental factors. The present study tested: (1) the extent to which academic achievement in three core subjects differs between children from low- and middle-SES backgrounds; (2) the differences in parental expectation, parental involvement, and child engagement across the two groups; and (3) the mediating role of parental expectation, parental involvement, and child engagement in explaining how SES influences children's academic achievement. The sample consisted of 184 primary students with low SES and 165 primary students with middle SES from mainstream primary schools in Hong Kong. Results revealed significant differences in parental expectation, parental involvement, child engagement, as well as academic achievement in Chinese and English subjects between the low-SES and middle-SES groups. Our findings also suggest that parental expectation, parental involvement, and child engagement may be important mediators in the relationship between SES and academic achievement. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • 期刊論文

    5. E-portfolios and the development of students' reflective thinking at a Hong Kong University
    文件類型: 期刊論文
    來源資料: Journal of Computers in Education, 2020
    出版年: 2020
    出版者: Springer
    E-portfolios have been adopted by higher education institutions as assessment for learning tools to develop students' reflective thinking and their ownership of learning. This paper examines how e-portfolios are integrated in an undergraduate course at a Hong Kong university to develop students' reflective thinking. Based on the qualitative data collected and analysed from both the teacher and students in the course, this paper first discusses the different levels of reflective thinking that the students developed as they were working on their e-portfolios. It then identifies the factors that facilitate and hinder students' development of reflective thinking, how the facilitating factors are enabled and what the hindering factors need to be addressed. These key findings highlight the pivotal role of the teacher as a learning facilitator and guide, the scaffolding role of the toolkit to support both teachers and students, and the necessity of the technical capacity building and support in the implementation of e-portfolios in higher education. Copyright © 2020 Springer Nature.
  • 期刊論文

    6. Using public exam questions in fishbowl debate to engage exam-oriented students in communicative language teaching
    文件類型: 期刊論文
    來源資料: RELC Journal, 2020
    出版年: 2020
    出版者: Sage Publications Ltd.
    This article introduces the use of public exam questions in fishbowl debate to engage highly exam-oriented secondary students with communicative language teaching (CLT). The practice aims to address the issue that many teachers of English as a second language (ESL)/English as a foreign language (EFL) in Asian contexts either teach to the test or implement CLT without catering for the students' pragmatic needs to pass external assessment. A series of activities was implemented in a secondary school in Hong Kong to promote positive washback from the public exam. The author's experience and reflections informed by ongoing dialogue with the stakeholders in the school and data collected from student focus group interviews suggest that the fishbowl debate encouraged students to use English for authentic and meaningful purposes, while appreciating its relevance to the writing exam. An important pedagogical implication is for teachers to balance CLT and exam preparation and help students to reach both their mastery and performance goals. Copyright © 2020 The Author(s).
  • 博碩士論文

    7. 中國大陸、香港和臺灣高考語文試題比較研究(2012-2017年)
    作者: 楊莉
    文件類型: 博碩士論文
    出版年: 2019
    語文歷來是高考受關注最多的科目,不論是內地還是香港、臺灣,專家們都在努力探索合適的語文能力評估方式,近年來各地的高考改革,語文試題的變化及重要程度更加明顯。自2013年北京市教委向社會廣泛徵求提高語文高考分值意見開始,內地進入“大語文”時代,2017年被稱為“新高考元年”,語文高考愈發重視對語文學科核心素養的考查。香港地區高中新課程的實施始於2009年,課程變動導致香港中學文憑考試(HKDSE)應運而生。首屆香港中學文憑考試於2012開始,其中中文科作為四項核心考試之一,在中學文憑試上佔有重要地位。臺灣地區自2002年起全面實施大學多元入學方案,語文科試題尤其體現出重視對傳統國學文化傳承。共同作為三地母語的語文科高考顯然需要更深入的研究,這不僅可以幫助了解各地語文教育的特點,也可以讓我們了解當前內地語文教育發展的現狀,融合眾家之長,為今後語文試題命制和語文教學提供參考和建議。在本研究之前,文獻大多是對內地與香港,或大陸與臺灣高考試題的比較研究,且年代較為久遠,鮮有對內地、香港、臺灣近些年語文高考試題的三地比較研究。本研究基於當前內地、香港、臺灣語文高考的大背景,以2012-2017年大陸語文全國I卷、香港中學文憑試(DSE)語文卷和臺灣學測語文卷為研究對象,採用文本分析法和比較分析法,首先對三地六年語文試題的試卷結構和內容分別進行梳理分析,在此基礎上進行試卷異同點的比較研究,分析三地高考語文試卷各自的特色和可相互借鑒之處。論文主要研究結果發現:第一,各地語文試卷體現不同的語文教育目的;第二,對“語文素養”的考查各有偏重;第三,閱讀材料不同程度地體現出與現實生活的聯繫;第四,試卷結構及試題題型靈活多樣。在此基礎上得出五點主要結論:第一,課程標準或文件的指導功能突出;第二,試卷都充分照顧“一綱多本”的影響;第三,對語文能力的考查體現出不同形式的探索;第四,對閱讀能力考查要點的安排同中有異;第五,三地語文高考試卷的編制處於不斷調整變化之中。綜合這些結論,對試題的命制提出了四點建議:第一,要進一步強化試卷對傳統文化的考查;第二,加強語文試卷與當下社會的聯繫;第三,閱讀能力考查要點宜增加鑒賞、表達應用和探究能力;第四,增強語文試卷寫作的選擇性和自由度。
  • 期刊論文

    8. Developing a short form of the Self-assessment Practices Scale: Psychometric evidence
    作者: Yan, Zi
    文件類型: 期刊論文
    來源資料: Frontiers in Education, 4, 2020
    出版年: 2020
    出版者: Frontiers Research Foundation
    This research aimed to develop a short form of the Self-assessment Practices Scale (SaPS). Guided by a process model of self-assessment, the SaPS scale was designed to assess the actions students engage in during the self-assessment process. The data used for developing the original 20-item SaPS (SaPS-20), i.e., 1,416 Hong Kong students ranging from Primary 4 to Secondary 3, were reanalyzed, and a 12-item short form (SaPS-SF) was developed. Factor analysis and Rasch analysis were applied in complementary ways to examine the psychometric properties of the SaPS-SF. The results showed that factor structure of the original scale held in the SaPS-SF, and all items fitted the Rasch model requirements sufficiently and measured the constructs as theorized. The findings presented in this study facilitate the measurement of self-assessment practice in a parsimonious and effective way. Copyright © 2020 Yan.
  • 博碩士論文

    9. A correlational study of the relationship between university students’ spiritual well-being and their academic performance
    文件類型: 博碩士論文
    出版年: 2016
    Using both quantitative and qualitative methods, this study aims to examine the relationship between the personal, communal, environmental, and transcendental domains of spiritual well-being of university students in Hong Kong and their academic performance measured by Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA). The study is guided by two research questions. Research Question One: What are the relationships between university students’ spiritual well-being and their academic performance as measured by CGPA?Research Question Two: If there are any relationships between university students’ spiritual well-being and their academic performance, how are the background demographic variables, including major discipline, family socio-economic status and religious beliefs related to spiritual well-being and academic performance?The quantitative part of the study consists of a survey that collects data from a random sample of 1,130 Year 2 and Year 3 students from three universities in Hong Kong. The questionnaire used is adapted from the Spiritual Health And Life-Orientation Measure (SHALOM) developed by John Fisher. The quantitative findings indicate a moderate positive relationship between the spiritual well-being of the respondents and their academic performance; the results also demonstrate that students’ academic performance corresponds with their levels of spiritual well-being. The qualitative part of the study is comprised of 11 focus group discussions. The findings of this support the quantitative findings and contribute to the exploration of the background variables that mediate the abovementioned positive relationship. The study also involves data triangulation.The findings suggest that the resulting positive relationship can be explained by three demographic features, namely, family social-economic status, major disciplines, and religious beliefs. Thus, these demographic features are used to delineate and analyze the positive relationship and the various patterns of the relationship
  • 期刊論文

    10. Competence or performance? A Bernsteinian analysis of "Basic Competency Assessment" in Hong Kong
    作者: Tan, Charlene
    文件類型: 期刊論文
    來源資料: British Journal of Educational Studies, 67(2), 235-250, 2019
    出版年: 2019
    出版者: Routledge
    This article analyses an assessment initiative known as the Basic Competency Assessment (BCA) in Hong Kong using Bernstein's performance and competence models of pedagogic practice. On the one hand, BCA is aligned with a competence model through its official projection as a low-stakes, student-focussed and formative assessment. However, an examination of the public perception of and context for BCA reveals its high-stakes, disciplines-centred and summative nature; it is argued that BCA reflects a performance model with strong classification, strong framing and visible pedagogies. The example of Hong Kong illustrates the usefulness of Bernstein's theory and extends the existing research on the interactions between local culture and pedagogic practices.
    [Copyright of British Journal of Educational Studies is the property of Routledge.]
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