校長是一所學校的靈魂，掌握著學校領導和管理權，是學校教育成效高低的關鍵。國際上19世紀末以來的學校管理課程的發展深刻影響著香港中小學校長培訓。香港中小學校長的培訓分為三個階段：擬任校長、新入職校長和在職校長，其培訓課程管理由香港教育局提供理論架構。其培訓特點有：培訓模式靈活多變；社會多方共同培訓校長；甄選大學參與校長培訓；善用公共資源，分擔培訓費用。展望新時代的香港中小學校長培訓，應加強對在職校長的專業支持，強化校長工作考績與個人專業發展的聯系，鼓勵校長持續專業進修，持續加強對香港校長的國史及國民教育。 A principal is the heart and soul of a school. As the leader and manager of a school, a principal is also the key to the effectiveness of school education. The international development of school management courses since the end of the 19th century has a profound impact on the primary and secondary school principal training in Hong Kong. The principal training in Hong Kong is divided into three stages of training: proposed principal training, newly appointed principal training and in-service principal training. The theoretical framework of the training courses is provided by the Hong Kong Education Bureau. The characteristics of the training are as follows: the flexible training mode, training principals by the multi-party society, selecting universities to participate in the principal training, making good use of public resources and sharing training costs. Looking forward to the primary and secondary school principal training in Hong Kong in the new era, the professional support should be provided for in-service principals, the connection between the principal’s work performance and his professional development should be strengthened, principals should be encouraged to continue their professional training, and the national history education and national education should be strengthened for principals in Hong Kong. Copyright © 2020 北京教育學院.