Background: Education reform in Hong Kong emphasizes the use of school-based curriculum development mode to implement inclusive education.
Aims: To explore the challenges teachers had in developing school-based inclusive curriculum materials.
Sample: Those teachers who had been involved in the inclusive education programmes organized by the Hong Kong Institute of Education.
Methods: Interview and questionnaire survey.
Results: The results indicated that teachers prepared their lessons with those colleagues who were teaching at the same class levels or used the teaching materials already adapted by the School Curriculum Committees. The challenges teachers met in developing and implementing school-based inclusive curriculum materials mainly included: there were too many special need students in a class, teachers possessed inadequate relevant professional knowledge and skills, confusions caused by insufficient time arrangement in class in implementing the curriculum materials, the problem of unfairness in the use of assessment methods, and lack of resource support.
Conclusion: To face with these challenges, teachers should have prior training before they are involved in inclusive education. An inclusive education coordinator is needed. He/She should undertake the work of leading the development of inclusive education and monitoring the quality of inclusive curriculum in the school. Additionally, schools should develop inclusive education network through which teachers could support one another. The purpose is to ensure the effectiveness of inclusive education that