Background: The concept of curriculum integration has been introduced to Hong Kong, Mainland and Taiwan in series of curriculum innovations. The implementation of curriculum integration has an important impact on the aims, learning contents, learning experiences and assessments on the respective school curriculum.
Aims or focus of discussion: What are the theoretical underpinnings of curriculum integration? How can curriculum integration be implemented in the school contexts?
Arguments / comments / suggestions: The theory of curriculum integration is outstanding from others. On the one hand, curriculum integration has a complex system of theories that has given rise to various implementation models with different rationales and thus resulted in the unclear guidelines for real implementations. On the other hand, the literature review about empirical studies on curriculum integration has not fully informed us how curriculum integration can be implemented. It is also found that curriculum integration has been traditionally
existed in a form of abstract image in the field of education but without realistic implementation systems. Finally, curriculum integration has got its own theoretical backgrounds and special attention should be paid to the characteristics of local contexts if curriculum integration is to be introduced.
Conclusion: Curriculum integration has its own characterized theories and rationales. It is necessary for the curriculum designers to look into the concepts of curriculum integration carefully, including rationales, implementation models and the necessary conditions