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  • Person: Hallinger, Philip
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  • Journal Articles

    1. Communication as a mediator between principal leadership and teacher professional learning in Hong Kong primary schools
    Document Type: Journal Articles
    Source: International Journal of Educational Reform, 25(2), 192-214, 2016
    Year published: 2016
    Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Education
    This study attempted to identify communication as a human relational 'path' through which principal leadership influenced teacher professional learning. The data was collected from a sample of 970 teachers from 32 Hong Kong primary schools. Online survey was administered, with two questionnaires to measure teacher perceptions of principal leadership and school capacity. Baron and Kenny' s (1986) four-step causal process for mediation analysis was employed and integrated with bootstrapping method. Further significance of the mediating effects of communication was tested, and the sizes for both the direct and indirect effects in the relationship were made explicit. The findings affirmed the role of communication as a mediator in the relationship between principal leadership and teacher learning.
    [Copyright © 2016 Rowman & Littlefield.]
  • Journal Articles

    2. Education accountability and principal leadership effects in Hong Kong primary schools
    Document Type: Journal Articles
    Year published: 2015
    Publisher: Co-Action Publishing
    This study explored the nature and effects of leadership for learning in the context of Hong Kong primary schools. Employing a mediated model of leadership for learning, the study examined how school leadership practices are perceived and shaped in the high accountability context of Hong Kong school education. Consistent with other recent empirical studies of school leadership effects, the research explored the relationship between school leadership, school-level capacity for improvement and student learning outcomes. Regression analyses found a negative impact of principal leadership practices related to strategic direction and policy environments, but a positive impact of staff management and resource management practices in terms of enhancing support for students. Contrary to expectations, schools’ capacity in supporting students had less impact on student academic outcomes than the negative impact of resources capacity and workload of teachers. Instead, mixed impact was found between principal leadership and student academic outcomes; it was negative regarding practices in strategic direction and policy environment, but positive in leader and teacher growth and development. The study refines our understanding of how the socio-cultural and organisational contexts of schools shape successful school leadership.
    [Copyright © 2015 Philip Hallinger and James Ko.]
  • Book Chapters

    3. School leadership for learning and change: Progress of an Asian agenda
    Document Type: Book Chapters
    Pages: 145-171
    Year published: 2016
    City published: Switzerland
    Publisher: Springer International Publishing
    This chapter outlines the background, purpose, strategies, and initial outcomes of one centre’s research agenda into school leadership and change in the East and South-East Asian region. The Centre is the Asia Pacific Centre for Leadership and Change (APCLC) at the Hong Kong Institute of Education (HKIEd). The first section outlines research on the state of indigenous knowledge in the region. This provides the context and justification for our research agenda. The second section presents our purpose statements, the broad research agenda, and the projects under this agenda. The third section describes progress to date. The fourth section summarises some of the key contributions of the Centre – the intention here is to illustrate our outcomes. The final section summarises what we see as the major contributions of the Centre to date.
    [Copyright © 2016 Springer International Publishing Switzerland]
  • Conference Papers

    4. What really makes teachers willing to work harder to support students in high-stakes accountability environments in Hong Kong primary schools?
    Document Type: Conference Papers
    Conference: Joint International Conference of the Australian Association for Research in Education and the Asia Pacific Educational Research Association (AARE-APERA 2012): Regional and global cooperation in educational research (2012: University of Sydney, Sidney, Australia)
    This study addressed the variations between key staff and ordinary teachers in perceiving principal leadership practices and school capacities. In a similar study on secondary schools, Walker and Ko (2011) found that in order to ensure better support for student in schools, key staff teachers found their principals' practices on strategic direction and policy environment more important initially, but its significance was superseded by his/her leadership practices on leader and teacher growth and development. In the present study, data collected in primary schools distinguished key staff teachers who held leadership roles in administration or instruction and ordinary teachers who did not have any leadership roles. Their differences in perceptions were expected to impact on the overall support for student in schools. Regression analyses were performed to test whether the two groups of teachers perceived differently the impacts of principals' leadership practices the support for student in schools, and whether the differential perceptions in the two groups would affect the overall staff perception in schools. The results showed only a minor difference in the perceptions of key staff and ordinary teachers. Both groups found a negative impact of principals' leadership practices related to strategic direction and policy environments, but a positive impact of their staff management and resources management practices on enhancing support for students in the school. The key staff tended to emphasize the importance of staff management more, while ordinary teachers treated both types of leadership practices almost equally important. Overall, the perception of key staff seemed to prevail when the views of both groups were considered. These findings seem to be less compatible with the emphasis of strategic direction and the role of principals as the goal setter of a school as suggested in transformational leadership theory or strategic leadership theory. Instead, in facing
  • Conference Papers

    5. World school leadership study: Concept and design
    Document Type: Conference Papers
    Conference: 2016 AERA Annual Meeting: Public scholarship to educate diverse democracies (2016: The Walter E. Washington Convention Centre, Washington, DC)
    The World School Leadership Study (WSLS) aims to gain empirical insights into functions, job models, practices, job satisfaction, and the professional health of school leaders on a global scale. The study builds on two pre-studies previously described. The WSLS is designed as a quantitative study on practices and resilience of school leaders. It will feature a strong international comparative component (the common core of the survey) but also allows national add-ons for country specific research needs and interests. At the moment, around 30 countries have decided to participate, including for instance Sweden, Norway, Switzerland, Germany, Austria, England, Spain, Cyprus, South Africa, Hong Kong, Singapore, Thailand, Malaysia, China, Australia, New Zealand, Chile, Mexico, and the US. - There are two levels of coordination. The overall design is coordinated by a core research group in collaboration with members from all around the world that form the international research consortium. On the national level, the study is coordinated and conducted by national coordinators who ally with the respective national and regional bodies to guarantee high acceptance in the profession and, therefore, high response rates. National and regional bodies include governments, authorities as well as school leadership (and teacher) associations and unions, depending on context. Complementing the members of the international core research group and the national coordinators is an international advisory board, comprising well-known senior researchers from different continents. - The study will consist of several phases: • Decision on the focus of the research questions, development of hypothesis, operationalization; • Decision on national add-ons for country specific research needs and interests; • Thorough examination of the existing research instruments by an international panel of experts (this will be done with the aim to identify relevant factors of school leadership practices
  • Journal Articles

    6. Mediating effects of trust, communication, and collaboration on teacher professional learning in Hong Kong primary schools
    Document Type: Journal Articles
    Year published: 2016
    Publisher: Routledge
    This study tests mediated principal leadership effects on teacher professional learning through collegial trust, communication and collaboration in Hong Kong primary schools. It is based on a series of single mediator studies, and uses the same convenience sample of 970 teachers from 32 local primary schools. It also adopts regression-based macros, integrated with bootstrapping, to examine and compare sizes and proportions of potential mediating effects of the three human relational variables. The findings affirm the role and nature trust, communication, and collaboration play in the mediated relationship. In contrast, the mediating power of collaboration is non-significantly stronger than that of communication, and is more than double that of trust. The conclusion is that a school environment featuring mutual trust, effective communication and genuine collaboration is a core condition for teacher learning and change. Provided that the forces that bind people together in schools are multiple, principals are recommended to create school culture and conditions strategically for teacher learning to thrive.
    [Copyright © 2016 Taylor & Francis.]
  • Conference Papers

    7. A mirroring process: From school management team cooperation to teacher collaboration
    Document Type: Conference Papers
    Conference: The Asia Leadership Roundtable 2016: Surfacing indigenous leader practices (knowledge) (2016: National Institute of Education & Hotel Grand Pacific, Singapore)
    The importance of expanding the leadership capacity of schools as a means of supporting education reform has been recognized by school system globally over the past decade. This has Ied to an intensified focus on school-based management, teacher leadership, distributed leadership, and shared leadership as potentially efficacious approaches to achieving this goal. This has been the case as well in Hong Kong where the formal adoption of school based management over a decade ago has Ied to the use of ‘school management teams’ as a vehicle for leading schools. In this study, we examine how levels of cooperation and constructive controversy evidenced within school management teams (SMT) relate to a broader levels of collaboration among teachers. Dyad survey data was collected from SMT members and teachers at 32 primary schools in Hong Kong. Results of multilevel regression analysis indicated that cooperation among members in these SMTs was positively related to levels of teacher collaboration. Moreover, the use of constructive controversy within SMTs mediated the path and contributed additional variance explained to the level of school-wide teacher collaboration. These findings affirm that the leadership dynamics of School Management Teams in Hong Kong primary schools do appear to have a positive influence on potentially important school level conditions. Notably the findings are also consistent with findings from similar studies of senior management teams in private sector organizations in China. If substantiated in further studies, the results suggest that investments in building broader leadership capacity in Hong Kong’s schools are achieving some system-level goals.
  • Conference Papers

    8. Extending the educational leadership knowledge base in Asia: A comparison of research productivity in Israel and Hong Kong
    Document Type: Conference Papers
    Year published: 2013
    Conference: American Educational Research Association 2013 Annual Meeting
  • Conference Papers

  • Conference Papers

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