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  • Journal Articles

    1. The development of school autonomy and accountability in Hong Kong
    Document Type: Journal Articles
    Source: The International Journal of Educational Management, 30(7), 1207-1230, 2016
    Year published: 2016
    Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing, Limited
    Purpose The purpose of this paper is to trace the development of school autonomy and accountability and related multiple changes and impacts in key areas of school education in Hong Kong since implementing school-based management (SBM) from 1990s. Design/methodology/approach To explore the evolution and the uniqueness of autonomy and accountability in the Hong Kong school system, the paper begins with an historical account, followed by an evaluation of the effects of SBM as shown in policy documents, local research, international reviews and illustrative findings from a case study. The local and international implications of SBM for research and practice are then discussed. Findings This paper shows the links between school autonomy and accountability by exploring the potential effects of both of these factors on educational management and student achievement, which are increasingly emphasised in educational policies. The investigation shows that the assumed links and effects are not always consistent or empirically supported. The positive effects that school autonomy has on school governance and management, teachers' work, school-based curriculums and student learning are all significant when there is also strong leadership, comprehensive continuous professional development and a positive, collaborative school climate. These key elements work alongside school autonomy to facilitate positive change. Research limitations/implications School autonomy and accountability should be viewed as necessary, but not sufficient, conditions for school improvement and development. Further characterisation of the processes happening in schools is needed to explore the different realisations of school autonomy and accountability. Originality/value This investigation of school autonomy and accountability in Hong Kong provides the international audience with a deeper understanding of the dynamics involved in the development of SBM.
  • Journal Articles

    2. Exploring the impact of school principals on teacher professional communities in Hong Kong
    Document Type: Journal Articles
    Source: Leadership and Policy in Schools, 13(3), 229-259, 2014
    Year published: 2014
    Publisher: Taylor & Francis
    Since the mid-1990s, teacher professional community has achieved increasing influence as a strategy for facilitating productive change in schools. This study investigates the impact of principal quality and leadership on the development of teacher professional community in Hong Kong primary schools. More specifically, we examine the means by which principal quality, leadership, and organizational trust impact the strength of teacher professional community. Using survey data from 32 Hong Kong primary schools, we found that principals are crucial for the development of teacher professional community. Implications of the major finding are discussed in terms of research, policy, and practice.
    [Copyright of Leadership & Policy in Schools is the property of Taylor & Francis. Full article may be available at the publisher's website:
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15700763.2014.901396]
  • Journal Articles

    3. Exploring whole school versus subject department improvement in Hong Kong secondary schools
    Document Type: Journal Articles
    Year published: 2014
    Publisher: Routledge
    Research on school improvement tends to assume that school improvement is a school-wide process. Nonetheless, some researchers have also proposed that secondary schools are comprised of subcultures centered on subject area departments. It has further been suggested that variations in the sociocultural organization of subject departments could produce differential results in the learning outcomes of students. To date, however, few empirical studies have examined the leverage offered by this perspective. The current study addresses this gap in the literature by analyzing changes in the learning outcomes of subject departments over a 3-year period as compared with patterns of whole school improvement in 47 Hong Kong secondary schools. The results support the proposition that theory, research, and practice on secondary schools will benefit from viewing their improvement from a perspective that takes into account the diversity of department-level conditions and learning outcomes.
    [Copyright of School Effectiveness and School Improvement is the property of Routledge. Full article may be available at the publisher's website:
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09243453.2014.882848]
  • Journal Articles

    4. Principal leadership in an era of accountability: A perspective from the Hong Kong context
    Document Type: Journal Articles
    Source: School Leadership & Management, 31(4), 369-392, 2011
    Year published: 2011
    City published: London
    Publisher: Routledge
    This article presents the findings of a study into the leadership practices of Hong Kong principals working within an environment of increasing accountability. The study set out to investigate the relationships between sets of principal leadership practices and the levels of alignment, coherence and structure and support for students in the school. Results indicated that principals tend to emphasise the professional development of teachers and key staff as a way to strengthen alignment within the school and between school and government policies. However, findings also suggest that working in an accountability environment can have a negative impact on the support provided for students.
    [Copyright of Roeper Review is the property of Routledge. Full article may be available at the publisher's website:
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13632434.2011.606269]
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