Physical education (PE) teachers of Hong Kong are now facing challenges like no other time before. In the current climate of education reform, PE teachers are now encouraged to provide a more holistic education to students, including learning goals related to social development, creativity, imagination, problem solving, as well as intellect. In order to attain these physical education goals, there is a heightened emphasis in the area of dance. However, the Hong Kong education culture stresses the academic subjects and dance is not usually a popular subject, although it is recognized as one of the components of PE. Physical education teachers' unwillingness to teach dance has been attributed to inadequate dance experience, lack of confidence, low interest, limited dance exposure, cultural differences between the East and West, and limited participation in dance training after graduation (Chow, 2001, 2002). Out of the many possible factors that limited dance instruction by PE teachers, teacher self-efficacy may be the most critical one. This study investigated the factors that influence pre-service PE teachers' decision to teach dance. Results provide information that may be used to enhance teacher self-efficacy with regard to teaching dance in Hong Kong.